Info on the Ubuntu operating system, including the different versions..
Ubuntu is a complete Linux-based operating system, freely available with both community and professional support. It’s developed by a large community and they invite you to participate too!
The Ubuntu community is built on the ideas enshrined in the Ubuntu Philosophy: that software should be available free of charge, that software tools should be usable by people in their local language and despite any disabilities, and that people should have the freedom to customize and alter their software in whatever way they see fit.
These freedoms make Ubuntu fundamentally different from traditional proprietary software: not only are the tools you need made available free of charge, you have the right to modify your software until it works the way you want it to.
With Ubuntu Desktop Edition you can surf the web, read email, create documents and spreadsheets, edit images and much more. If your looking for a replacement for the operating system that originally came with your computer/laptop, then this is the one that you want to use.
Ubuntu Desktop Edition includes the Gnome desktop as default, but as this is Linux you can easily install other desktops whenever you feel the need.
In around 15 minutes, the time it takes to install Ubuntu Server Edition, you can have a LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL and PHP) server up and ready to go. This feature, exclusive to Ubuntu Server Edition, is available at the time of installation.
The LAMP option means you don’t have to install and integrate each of the four separate LAMP components yourself, a process which can take hours and requires someone who is skilled in the installation and configuration of the individual applications. Instead, you get increased security, reduced time-to-install, and reduced risk of misconfiguration, all of which results in a lower cost of ownership.
Ubuntu Server Edition doesn’t include a desktop as part of the default installation, but instead lets the user login to the command line (CLI).
Kubuntu is a user friendly operating system based on KDE, the K Desktop Environment. With a predictable 6 month release cycle and part of the Ubuntu project, Kubuntu is the GNU/Linux distribution for anyone.
The aim of the Xubuntu community project is to provide a nice Ubuntu desktop experience (even on older hardware) by using Xfce4 as the desktop environment and GTK+ 2 applications wherever possible.
Edubuntu is Ubuntu that’s been customized for classroom use. The idea is that as an educator you’ll be able to set up a computer lab, or establish an online learning environment within an hour or so, then administer that environment without having to become a fully-fledged Linux geek.
Gobuntu endeavors to adhere to the Free Software Foundations four freedoms and intends to provide a base for other free software platforms to build upon with minimal modification required. It does this by including only non-restricted open-source software. This means there will be no firmware, drivers, applications, or content included in Gobuntu that does not include the full source or whose license does not provide the right to use, study, modify, and redistribute the entire body of work.
The Ubuntu Mobile and Embedded project aims to derive an operating system for mobile internet devices using Ubuntu as a base and is sponsored by Canonical + Intel and made in conjunction with Gnome Mobile and Embedded & Nokia.
It uses Maemo for its graphical frontend and the Hildon framework for the software development. Maemo and Hildon were both originally created by Nokia, although Hildon has now become an official part of the Gnome Mobile software.
There are several other operating systems which are derived from Ubuntu, including local language versions and hardware-specific ones.
You can click on the above link for a more complete list of these derivatives; the main one’s that seem to be worked on and used the most though, can be found below..
The power and flexibility of Ubuntu and Gnome. The magnificence and beauty of E17. Perfect and fast even for a Virtual Machine. Finally a fully functional Enlightenment Desktop.
gOS is another Ubuntu distribution that uses the Enlightenment Desktop. As it was originally produced by google for use within the company, it has also been known to go by the name of the Google Operating System or Google Desktop.
If your interested in a version of Ubuntu that specializes in making the most of web technologies on your desktop, then this is the one you will want to use.
Ubuntu Studio is a multimedia creation based flavor of Ubuntu. It’s aimed at the GNU/Linux audio, video and graphic home enthusiasts as well as professionals.
They provide a suite of the best open-source applications available for multimedia creation, that’s completely free to use, modify and redistribute.
Mythbuntu is an Ubuntu derivative that’s focused upon setting up a standalone MythTV system. Currently it’s recognized as a community supported project by Canonical, but not officialy supported by them.
Mythbuntu can be used to install a stand alone frontend, backend, or combination machine. Unlike similar projects, Mythbuntu keeps close ties with Ubuntu and all development is given back to the Ubuntu Community.
Whichever version of Ubuntu you choose to use, I hope you have as much fun using it as I do